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Attachment, Dependency, and Therapeutic Alliance
DID/Trauma/Memory Reference List
Attachment, Dependency, and Therapeutic Alliance

Adler, G, & Buie, D. (1979). Aloneness and borderline psychopathology: the possible relevance of child development issues. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 60, 83-96.

Ainsworth, MD. (1989). Attachments beyond infancy. American Psychologist, 44(4), 709-716.

Alexander, PC. (1992). Application of attachment theory to the study of sexual abuse. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 60, 185-195.

Bacal, H. (1985). Optimal responsiveness and the therapeutic process. In A. Goldberg (Ed.) Progress in self psychology, pp. 202-226. Vol. I. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Barach, PMM. (1991). MPD as an attachment disorder. Dissociation, 4 (3), 117-123.

Birtchnell, J. (1984). Dependence and its relationship to depression. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 57, 215-225.

Bornstein, R F. (1995). Active dependency. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 183, 64-77.

Bornstein, R F., & Bowen, R F. (1995). Dependency in psychotherapy: Toward an integrated treatment approach. Psychotherapy, 32(4), 520-534.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and Loss, Vol. II: Separation. New York: Basic Books.

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books.

Cohen, CP, & Sherwood, VR. (1991). Becoming a constant object in psychotherapy with the borderline patient. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

Connors, ME. (1997). Need and responsiveness in the treatment of a severely traumatized patient: A relational perspective. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 51(1), 86-101.

Deitz, J. (1992). Self-psychological approach to posttraumatic stress disorder: neurobiological aspects of transmuting internalization. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 20, 277-293.

Fonagy, P., Leigh, T., Steele, M. (1996). The relation of attachment status, psychiatric classification, and response to psychotherapy. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 64 (1), 22-31.

Ghent, E. (1993). Wish, need, & neediness. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 3, 495-507.

 Gunderson, JG. (1996). The borderline patient's intolerance of aloneness: Insecure attachments and therapist availability. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 752-758.
              Explication of the genesis of the borderline's intolerance of aloneness, and the desperate feelings and actions that ensue. An object relations view is taken, in which the therapist must provide a consistent, predictable, albeit limited availability. Discusses specific interventions and encourages therapists to set clear boundaries, but not to withdraw.

Holmes, J. (1993). Attachment theory: A biological basis for psychotherapy? British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 430-438.

Laub, D., & Auerhahn, N. (1989). Failed empathy - A central theme in the survivor's holocaust experience. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 6(4), 377-400.
              Discusses the centrality of the relationship in the healing of trauma. The loss of self, other, and internalized soothing introject in severe trauma leaves the survivor essentially alone and wordless. The therapeutic relationship is essential in providing connection with self and other, as well as internalization of a soothing introject. A narrative of the trauma can then be re-created.

Liotti, G. (1992). Disorganized/Disoriented attachment in the etiology of dissociative disorders. Dissociation, 5 (4), 196-204.

Main, M. (1996). Overview of the field of attachment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64 (2), 237-243.

Meissner, WW. (1992). The concept of the therapeutic alliance. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 40, 1059 -1087.

Olio, K., & Cornell, W. (1993). The therapeutic relationship as the foundation for treatment of adult survivors of sexual abuse. Psychotherapy, 30, 512-523.

Pettem, O., West, M., Mahoney, A., & Keller, A. (1993). Depression and attachment problems. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 18, 78-81.

Reite, M., & Fields, T. (Eds.). (1985). The psychobiology of attachment and separation. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

van der Kolk, BA (1987). The separation cry and the trauma response: Developmental issues in the psychobiology of attachment and separation. In BA van der Kolk (Ed.). Psychological trauma, pp. 31-62. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.

van Sweden, RC. (1994). Regression to dependence: A second opportunity for ego integration and developmental progression. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

Walant, KB. (1995). Creating the capacity for attachment: Treating addictions and the alienated self. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

West, M. Rose, MS, & Sheldon, A. (1993). Anxious attachment as a determinant of adult psychopathology. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 181, 422-427.

Winnicott, DW. (1965). Dependence in infant-care, in child-care, and in the psychoanalytic setting. In The maturational processes and the facilitating environment, pp. 249-259. New York: International Universities Press.

Wooley, S, Vigilanti, MA. (1984). Psychological separation and the sexual abuse victim. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice, 21, 347-352.


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